TE24 International Desk:
NASA – James Webb Telescope has peered into the chaos of the Wagon Wheel Galaxy and discovered new information about star formation and the black hole at the center of the galaxy. Against the background of many other galaxies, Webb’s powerful infrared vision captured an excellent image of the Cartwheel Galaxy and its two smaller companions.
The image provides a new perspective on how galaxies have evolved over billions of years, NASA said. The European Space Agency (ESA) shared an image of the Cartwheel Galaxy on its Twitter handle on Tuesday, saying: #Web has gained new insights into the nature of galaxies with its thermal imaging technique,” reported NDTV.
The Cartwheel Galaxy is rarely seen in the constellation Vaskar, 500 million light-years away. The dramatic event, a high-velocity collision between a large spiral galaxy and a smaller galaxy, is not visible in this image, but looks like a cartwheel. The space agency added that the cartwheel is one of several other smaller events that result from galactic-scale collisions between related galaxies.
Additionally, the structure and shape of the galaxy was greatly affected by the collision, and it consists of two rings: a bright inner ring and a bright outer ring. These two rings grow away from the point of collision. Its formation resembles the ripples in a pond when a stone is thrown into it. Because of these distinctive features, astronomers call this galaxy the “Ring Galaxy”. This is a structure that is not as common in spiral galaxies as the Milky Way.
The brightest region in the center contains a massive young star cluster. The core contains a large amount of hot dust. On the other hand, star formation and supernovae dominate the outer ring, which has grown over about 440 million years. As it grows, the ring collides with the surrounding gas, causing them to form,